The Great Fire (Meireki Fire) of 1657


The Great Fire, which occurred between January 18th and 20th in 1657 destroyed the Edo castle and the residence of Matsudaira Tadamasa. A lunar calendar was used in the Edo era. If you convert January 18th to the present calendar, it becomes March 2nd. There were three places the fire originated. The northwest strong wind fanned it and spread quickly. 60% of Edo city including the Edo castle burned down in this fire.
The orange part (A) shows the area that burned down first when the fire broke out at 1 PM on January 18th.
The red part (B) shows the area that burned down when the fire broke out at 11 AM the next day (19th). The Edo castle and the residence of Tadamasa were burned down in this 2nd fire.
The pink part (C) shows the area that burned down when the fire broke out at 4 PM on the same day (19th).
It was said that this fire was a case of arson. But, we are not sure. However, it's a fact that Edo city greatly expanded after this fire.