Chronology of the Edo Era
YEAR
SHOGUN
DOMESTIC EVENTS
OVERSEAS EVENTS
1603 Ieyasu
(1st)
3 years
Ieyasu became the 1st Shogun.
He was 62 years old.
He made Edo city.
[United Kingdom] James VI became monarch of the United Kingdom.
1604The 3rd Shogun Iemitsu was born as the second boy of Hidetada.
1605 Hidetada
(2nd)
19 years
Hidetada became the 2nd Shogun.
He was 27 years old.

1606

1607Communication with Korea was resumed.[United Kingdom] Virginia in North America was made into a colony.
1608

1609The Satsuma feudal lord in Kyushu attacked Ryukyu(Okinawa).[Netherlands] A trading house was founded in Nagasaki, Japan.
1610

1611

1612

1613Christianity was forbidden. [United Kingdom] A trading house was founded in Nagasaki, Japan.
[Russia] Michael Romanov became the Tsar of Russia.
1614

1615The rules for warriors were established.
16161st Shogun Ieyasu died at the age of 75.
1617

1618Licensed pleasure quarter(Yoshiwara) was founded in Nihonbashi area.[Germany] The 30 Year's War started.
1619
[United Kingdom] House of Burgesses representative assembly in colonial Virginia
1620
[United Kingdom] The Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with 101 colonists.
1621

1622

1623 Iemitsu
(3rd)
29 years
Iemitsu became the 3rd Shogun.
He was 20 years old.
[United Kingdom] A trading house in Nagasaki was closed.
1624Kabuki was performed for the first time.[Netherlands] The castle of Zeelandia was founded in Taiwan.
1625

1626

1627

1628
[United Kingdom] Petition of Right was submitted.
1629Female kabuki was forbidden.
1630Import of Christian books was forbidden.
1631

16322nd Shogun Hidetada died at the age of 54.
1633

1634Dejima(the island only for commerce) was made in Nagasaki.
1635The daimyo's alternate-year residence in Edo was defined as a system.
1636

1637Argument of Christianity occurred in Nagasaki.[Korea] Obeyed China.
1638

1639National isolation was completed except for Netherlands, China and Korea.
1640

1641The 4th Shogun Ietsuna was born as the first boy of Iemitsu.
1642
[United Kingdom] Puritan Revolution started.
1643

1644

1645Yoshiwara was burned down.
1646The 5th Shogun Tsunayoshi was born as the fourth boy of Iemitsu.
1647

1648Common people were forbidden from having a sword.[France] The revolt of Fronde
1649

1650

1651 Ietsuna
(4th)
30 years
3rd Shogun Iemitsu died at the age of 48.
Ietsuna became the 4th Shogun.
He was 11 years old.
The intrigue of Yuishosetsu was discovered.

1652
The First Anglo-Dutch War
1653Kabuki was permitted in Edo city.
1654The water service fed from Tamagawa River was completed.
1655

1656

165760% of Edo city was burned down by the Great Fire.
1658The fire fighter groups were organized.
1659

1660

1661Night business of stores was forbidden.
1662The 6th Shogun Ienobu was born as the first boy of the third boy(Tsunashige) of Iemitsu.
1663

1664
[United Kingdom] New Amsterdam in America was renamed to New York.
1665
The Second Anglo-Dutch War
1666

1667

1668

1669

1670
[Russia] Peasant revolts by Stenka Razin
1671

1672
The Second Anglo-Dutch War
[France] France declared war on Netherlands
1673The Echigoya shop dealing in fabrics for komono opened in Edo.
1674The fisherman wharf was opened beside Nihonbashi Bridge.
1675

1676

1677

1678

1679

1680 Tsunayoshi
(5th)
30 years
4th Shogun Ietsuna died at the age of 40.
Tsunayoshi became the 5th Shogun.
He was 35 years old.

1681

1682
[France] The royal palace was relocated to Versailles.
1683

16848th Shogun Yoshimune was born as the fourth boy of the second generation feudal lord of Kii Clan.
1685

1686

1687Outlawed most animal killing.
1688Some residences for foreigners were built in Nagasaki.[United Kingdom] Glorious Revolution
1689
[United Kingdom] Bill of Rights was enacted.
1690

1691

1692

1693

1694

1695A vast zone for dogs was made in Musashi Nakano. It was 990,000m2 which is 186 times a football field.
1696

1697

1698

1699

1700

1701A bloodshed incident by Lord Asano and Lord Kira occurred in the Edo castle palace. Only Lord Asano was executed.[Spain] War of Spanish Succession
1702Forty-seven loyal retainers of Lord Asano avenged Lord Kira.[United Kingdom and France] Queen Anne's War
1703

1704

1705

1706

1707Mt. Fuji erupted.
1708

1709 Ienobu
(6th)
4 years
5th Shogun Tsunayoshi died at the age of 64.
Ienobu became the 6th Shogun.
He was 48 years old.
Abolished the law of the ban on animal killing.
7th Shogun Ietsugu was born as the fourth boy of Ienobu.

1710

1711

1712 6th Shogun Ienobu died at the age of 51.
9th Shogun Ieshige was born as the first boy of Yoshimune.

1713 Ietsugu
(7th)
4 years
Ietsugu became the 7th Shogun.
He was 5 years old.

1714
[United Kingdom] Hannover was created.
1715Trade in Nagasaki was restricted.
1716 Yoshimune
(8th)
30 years
7th Shogun Ietsugu died at the age of 8.
Yoshimune became the 8th Shogun.
He was 33 years old.

1717

1718

1719 (Kyouhou Reform)
Military arts and economy were encouraged.
Two town magistrate places were founded.

1720Forty-seven fire fighter groups were founded.
1721 The ballot box(meyasu bako) which collects the opinions of citizens was installed.
The stock organization was authorized.

1722 Tax by rice was increased.
The sanatorium was built in Koishikawa.

1723
[China] Christianity was forbidden.
1724The thrifty law was published.
1725

1726

1727

1728

1729A plan to assassinate the Shogun was revealed.
1730

1731

1732

1733

1734

1735Public lottery was begun.
1736

1737

1738

1739Russia came to Awa(Chiba) for the commerce demand.
1740
The war of Austrian succession
1741

1742The custom for the Imperial Court was defined.
1743

1744
[North America] King George's War
[South India] First Carnatic War
1745 Ieshige
(9th)
16 years
Ieshige became the 9th Shogun.
He was 35 years old.

1746

1747

1748

1749

1750Nijo Castle in Kyoto was burned down by the thunderbolt.
17518th Shogun Yoshimune died at the age of 68.[North America] The first American hospital, the Pennsylvania Hospital, founded.
1752

1753

1754

1755

1756
First Treaty of Versailles between France and Austria.
1757

1758

1759

1760 Ieharu
(10th)
27 years
Ieharu became the 10th Shogun.
He was 24 years old.

17619th Shogun Ieshige died at the age of 51.
1762

1763
Treaty of Paris
1764

1765

1766

1767

1768
Russia Turkey War
1769

1770

1771

1772 Okitsugu Tanuma took the post of a senior shogunal councilor.
One of the Edo big three fires occurred.(1657,1772 and 1802)
Partitions of Poland
1773
[United Kingdom] Boston Tea Party
1774

1775
[North America] War for Independence
1776Gennai Hiraga completed a friction electromotive machine.[North America] The Declaration of Independence was proclaimed.
1777
[North America] Battle of Saratoga
1778

1779

1780

1781

1782

1783 Mt. Asama erupted violently.
Famine broke out.

1784The epidemic was prevalent.
1785

1786 Okitsugu Tanuma fell from power.
10th Shogun Ieharu died at the age of 50.

1787 Ienari
(11th)
51 years
Ienari became the 11th Shogun.
He was 15 years old.
Sadanobu Matsudaira took the post of a senior shogunal councilor.
[North America] The Constitution of the United States of America. was enacted.
1788

1789The luxury was forbidden.[France] French Revolution/Declaration of Human Rights
1790Sadanobu Matsudaira fell from power.
1791Mixed bathing in the public bath was forbidden.
1792Russia came to Nemuro for the commerce demand.[France] Republicanism was declared.
1793

1794

1795
Partitions of Poland
1796
[France] Napoleon went to Italy.
1797

1798Exploration of Etorofu was started by Shigezou Kondou.[France] Napoleon went to Egypt.
1799
Napoleonic Wars
1800The work which surveys Ezo (Hokkaido) was started by Tadataka Inou.[USA] Washington, D.C. was made into the capital.
1801
[Korea] Christianity was forbidden.
1802The book which wrote the travel to Tokaido pleasantly(Tokaidochu-Hizakurige) was published.
1803

1804Russia came to Nagasaki for the commerce demand.[France] Napoleon became an emperor.
1805The organization which controls the crime of the Kanto area was founded.The Battle of Trafalgar
1806

1807The Eitai bridge broke with many people's weight.[France] The continental blockade of England by Napoleon
1808Rinzou Mamiya explored Sakhalin.
1809

1810

1811

1812
[Spain] French armies driven out of Spain
[France] Napoleon began his fatal Russian campaign.
1813

1814

1815

1816

1817

1818The boundary of Edo city was appointed.[France] Napoleon abdicated. (Restoration)
1819

1820

1821

1822

1823

1824

1825The ban on the arrival of overseas ships was defined. [USA] Monroe Doctrine
[Russia] Decembrist Revolt
[Netherlands] Java War
1826

1827

1828Siebold incident
1829

1830
[France] July revolution
1831

1832The thief(Nezumi-kozou) was caught.[United Kingdom] The first Reform Act
1833

1834Tadakuni Mizuno took the post of the senior shogunal councilor.
1835

1836

1837 Ieyoshi
(12th)
17 years
Ieyoshi became the 12th Shogun.
He was 45 years old.
[Britain] The Chartist Movement
1838

1839The gorgeous festival was forbidden.
1840
[Britain] Opium War
1841 11th Shogun Ienari died at the age of 69.
The stock organization was forbidden.

1842 Immigration refusal of a foreign craft was eased.
The kabuki theaters transferred to Asakusa.

1843 Tadakuni Mizuno fell from power.
Townspeople's martial art was forbidden.

1844Tadakuni Mizuno took the power again.
1845Tadakuni Mizuno fell from power again.
1846
[Britain] Free trade start
[USA] The Mexican War
1847

1848
The Communist Manifesto by Marcus and Engels.
[France] February revolution
1849
[USA] Gold rush
1850

1851

1852Russia came to Shimoda for the commerce demand.
1853 Iesada
(13th)
6 years
12th Shogun Ieyoshi died at the age of 61.
Ieyoshi became the 13th Shogun.
He was 30 years old.
The Black Ships of United States commanded by Matthew Perry arrived at Uraga.
Crimean War
1854 The Black Ships of United States came again.
Treaty of Peace and Amity between the United States and the Empire of Japan was signed.

1855The big earthquake occurred in Edo.
1856

1857Harris who was the America's First Consul of Japan came to Edo castle.
1858 Iemochi
(14th)
9 years
13th Shogun Ieyoshi died at the age of 35.
Iemochi became the 14th Shogun.
He was 13 years old.
Naosuke Ii took the post of the senior shogunal councilor.
U.S.-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed.

1859
[Italy] Italian unification
1860 Kaisyu Katsu visited America by the ship Kanrin-maru.
Naosuke Ii was assassinated near the Sakuradamon gate.

1861
[Italy] The kingdom was materialized.
[USA] American Civil War started.
1862Iemochi married royal princess Kazunomiya.
1863 Choshu Domain bombarded the U.S. ships
.
Satsuma Domain warred with Britain.
A samurai's group called Shinsengumi was organized in order to protect Kyoto.
[USA] The emancipation of slaves was declared by Lincoln.
1864Choshu Domain conquest by the government started.
1865
[USA] Lincoln was assassinated.
1866 Yoshinobu(15th)
2 years
14th Shogun Iemochi died at the age of 21.
Yoshinobu became the 15th Shogun.
He was 30 years old.

1867 Restoration of the Imperial rule
Yoshinobu resigned the post of Shogun.
Emperor Meiji acceded to the throne.
Japan participated in the expo of Paris.

1868
The Edo castle was handed over to the Meiji government without fight.